The coccinellid harmonia axyridis pallas has been used for augmentative and classical biological control in many environments. Four main phenotypes of propylea japonica thunberg occur in wuhan, china. Many insects affect food production and human health, and in an attempt to control these insects the use of synthetic insecticides has become widespread. Combining repellent and attractive aromatic plants to. Intraguild predation between the invasive ladybird. These files are formatted as commaseparated csv to allow its inspection on a spreadsheet.
The mission of the agency is to protect the health and value of. Experiments were conducted in petri dish and wind tunnels with multiple plants to present conditions in which the predator could behave more. So far little is known about its basic biology and ecology, making prediction of population dynamics difficult. Aphis is a genus of insects in the family aphididae containing at least 600 species of aphids. Miridae, in respect with the nanoscale potential to create more effective and environmentally.
Here we investigate intraguild predation igp between h. Sublethal concentrations at lc 10 and lc 25 level extended embryonic development for 2. Plutellidae, is the most destructive insect pest of brassicaceae worldwide talekar and shelton 1993. Field trials of 20% lcolo ec against aphis citricola. Aphis also develops and conducts preclearance programs to ensure that foreign. Implications for conservation biological control of the wheat stem sawfly hymenoptera. Analysis using an agestage, twosex life table qin jianyang1, 2, liu yueqiu3, zhang lei1, cheng yunxia1, luo lizhi1, jiang xingfu1 1 state key.
For each comparison the significance levels are indicated in table 1. This web page provides access to all outreach publications currently available from usdas animal and plant health inspection service aphis in print, pdf format, or both. Aphididae, and the predators coccinella septempunctata l. Aphididae and its natural enemy harmonia axyridis coleoptera. Evolutionary relationships of three new species of. The chemical profiles of lco and lo as determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis revealed that main compounds from lco were zligustilide 44. Aphid honeydew enhances parasitoid longevity to the same extent as a highquality floral resource.
Combining repellent and attractive aromatic plants to enhance. The wasp has been claimed as an effective biological control agent of a. Cowpea aphid, aphis craccivora koch is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. Phylogenetic analyses of partial sequences of gyrb and reca are consistent with previous analyses limited to 16s rrna gene sequences and yield improved confidence of the. Oviposition behaviour of the polyphagous aphid parasitoid. The consequences of intraguild interactions on the foraging efficiency of the two coccinellid species were investigated by evaluating the functional responses of single beetles and intra. Huo lz, wang xm, chen xs, ren sx 2014 the genus pseudaspidimerus kapur, 1948 coleoptera. Individuals of ancora were dominant in the three crops. Coccinellidae and macrolophus pygmaeus rambur hemiptera. Mar 31, 2020 this web page provides access to all outreach publications currently available from usdas animal and plant health inspection service aphis in print, pdf format, or both. Intercropping with aromatic plants hindered the occurrence of aphis citricola in an apple orchard system by shifting predatorprey abundances.
Request and authorization for occasional or irregular unscheduled overtime. Feral swine sus scrofa are a rapidly expanding invasive species in the united states damaging agriculture, natural resources, property, cultural sites, and are a disease risk to people, pets, and livestock. Verkerk and wright 1996 reported that the dbm produces 20 or more generations in tropical regions and cause. Plants natural products and essential oil components such as terpenes and phenylpropenes. Melon aphid or cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover insecta. Aphis and the department of homeland security cooperate to ensure that these policies are enforced at u. Asteraceae and summer savory satureja hortensis l lamiales. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The insecticidal activity of a new nanoformulated natural pyrethrin was examined on the cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover hemiptera.
Starting from january 2008, the benaki phytopathological institute is publishing the hel. For both subpopulations reared on aphis gossypii and on myzus persicae, overall acceptance of aphis aphidius colemani larvae lr 9. A new distribution map is provided for aphis illinoisensis shimer. The data were analyzed using an independent hest with pooled variance to determine if there were significant differences between the means. Miridae, in respect with the nanoscale potential to create more effective and environmentally responsible pesticides. Aphis spiraecola was first described by patch in 1914. Coccinellidae to densities of aphis citricola hemiptera. Plants natural products and essential oil components such as. Asteraceae, french marigold tagetes patula l asterales. The widespread pest aphid on citrus and other trees and shrubs should therefore revert to the name used for it formerly, aphis spiraecola patch. Nanoformulation enhances insecticidal activity of natural. Starting from january 2008, the benaki phytopathological institute is publishing the hel lenic plant protection journal semiannually, in. Melon aphid or cotton aphid, aphis gossypii glover.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Effects of temperatures on the development and reproduction. A flag indicates information that is intended for and available to. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Csv files can be opened by commonly used programs as microsoft office or open office 1 among others. Aphididae on apple seedlings were evaluated at two exposure times under laboratory conditions. Cowpea aphid aphis craccivora koch university of hawaii.
The grv complex was first described in africa in 1907, when it. A current aphis forms catalog lists all available aphis and program forms and where the forms are stocked. The ec formula of essential oil mixture were diluted x 500, and 1500 times, and final applied concentrations of lco and lo were 200, 100. The chemical profiles of lco and lo as determined by gas chromatographymass spectrometry gcms analysis revealed that the main compounds. Usdaaphis fruits and vegetables import requirements favir.
Pseudaspidimerus palatus, a new species of the genus. In the last two decades, its damage has increased in tehran and other areas of iran. The effects of prey distribution and digestion on functional. Myzus persicae, aphis gossypii and aphis citricola at 10 6 10 7 spores ml 1 after four days. Comparative toxicity of selected insecticides to aphis citricola, myzus. Taxon list of hymenoptera from germany compiled in the context of the gbol project. The plant parasitic wasp tetramesa romana hymenoptera. Biological characteristics and environmental adaptation of. Erinosi e acari su foglia di vite clinton della pietra leonardo. Pdf life history parameters of aphis gossypii glover homoptera. The development time of various stages in offspring generation are shown in table 2. The armyworm mythimna roseilinea walker is a major pest of grain crops in south china. Subordinate taxa, rank, verified standards met, verified min standards met, unverified, percent. May 07, 20 erinosi e acari su foglia di vite clinton della pietra leonardo.
Are you travelling to or from another country and bringing along. In order to understand the differences of aphis citricola in its original and final selectivity to the apple leaves with different leaf age, and to ascertain the effects of mature and young apple leaves on the growth and development, survival, and fecundity of a. Pdf chemical compositions of ligusticum chuanxiong oil. Thus, epa registration details of new active ingredients for all. Advance articles rss feed open access rss feed editor s choice. However, this has resulted in the development of resistance in these organisms, human diseases, contamination of food, and pollution of the environment. The chemical profiles of lco and lo as determined by gas chromatographymass spectrometry gcms analysis revealed that the main compounds from lco were zligustilide 44. It includes many notorious agricultural pests, such as the soybean aphid aphis glycines. Eggs develop within the mother and nymphs are born live. Myzus persicae and aphis fabae that infested 15 and 12 host plant species. The publications presented here are organized according to category, title, date, item type, and publication.
The publications presented here are organized according to category, title, date, item type, and publication number if applicable. Toxicity of lco and lo against aphis citricola bioassays of 20% lco ec and 20% lo ec against a. Current status of insecticide resistance in aphis gossypii. Sublethal effects of fenoxycarb on the plutella xylostella. Biological aspects of aphis gossypii glover, 1877 hemiptera. Giant river cane, arundo donax poaceae, is an exotic riparian weed that has become problematic in the usa. Within a few days, nymphs mature into reproductive adults and. Background japanese spiraea was introduced into the united states as an ornamental. Three aromatic plant species, ageratum ageratum houstonianum l asterales. The occurrence of these phenotypes in broad bean, wheat, and com was investigated. The chemical profiles of lco and lo as determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis revealed that main compounds from lco were z. Ecological studies on three bacterial lineages symbiotic in aphids have shown that they impose a variety of effects on their hosts, including resistance to parasitoids and tolerance to heat stress.
Nonhost plants that are intercropped with crops can either repel or attract pests, and in some cases achieve pest management. Body size, prey capacity, and starvation resistance were assessed for their relatedness to the different phenotypes. The structure of extremely long mouthparts in the aphid. This study examined the relationships of individual development and population growth with temperature based on an agestage, twosex life table of m. The fgis forms catalog, fgis obsolete forms and the psp forms catalog also are available. Conspecific and heterospecific interactions modify the. A flag indicates information that is intended for and available to an aphis cbp audience only. Afidi pidocchi delle piante, aphis citricola etc rimedi. The hellenic plant protection journal issn 179691 is the new scientifi c publication of the benaki phytopathological institute replacing the annals of the benaki phytopathologi cal institute issn 17901480 which had been published since 1935.
Other aphids are similar in appearance to aphis gossypii glover, the melon or cotton aphid. The aphis software also includes the particular concept of project which is used to define a study of a single species or population in. To view some of these forms, you will need to have the free adobe acrobat. Sciencedirect effects of temperatures on the development and reproduction of the armyworm, mythimna roseilinea. The grv complex was first described in africa in 1907, when it strongly affected groundnut production. Coccinellidae from laos, with descriptions of two new. Pdf the aphis gossypii glover is a cosmopolitan, polyphagous. Myzus persicae, aphis gossypii and aphis citricola at 106 107 spores ml1 after four days. On 19 september 2004, a male of the harlequin ladybird, harmonia axyridis pallas, was found in sible hedingham, essex, england. Phylogenetic analyses of partial sequences of gyrb and reca are consistent with previous analyses limited to 16s rrna gene sequences and yield improved confidence of the evolutionary relationships.
Eurytomidae lays eggs in and develops to adulthood in a. Mint companion plants attract the predatory mite phytoseiulus. The potential impacts of the arrival of the harlequin. The aphis software also includes the particular concept of project which is used to define a study. More recently it has invaded large parts of europe and negative effects for native populations of aphidophagous coccinellids are beginning to emerge. Aphis gossypii hemipteraaphididae commonly known as cotton or. Host preference and fitness of aphis citricola hemiptera. Mint companion plants enhance the attraction of the. Cowpea aphid aphis craccivora koch ilse schreiner, ph. Your use of this pdf, the bioone complete website, and all posted and associated. Experiments were conducted in petri dish and wind tunnels with multiple plants to present conditions in which the predator could behave more naturally.
The hellenic plant protection journal issn 179691 is the new scientifi c publication of the benaki phytopathological institute replacing the annals of the benaki phytopathological institute issn 17901480 which had been published since 1935. Volume 90 issue 1 journal of economic entomology oxford. Our results indicated that interactions between the. Dec 01, 2014 nonhost plants that are intercropped with crops can either repel or attract pests, and in some cases achieve pest management. It is commonly found growing along streams and rivers, forest edges, roadsides, and in successional fields and power line rightofways. Chemical compositions of ligusticum chuanxiong oil and. Japanese spiraea is adapted to disturbed areas, tolerates a wide range of soil conditions and grows in full sun to partial shade. Pdf apterous and alate viviparous females of the grapevine aphid species, aphis illinoisensis shimer hemiptera. The cir contains current import regulation information for the selected commodity import a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports. Pdf chemical compositions of ligusticum chuanxiong oil and. Aphis on april 2, 1972, under the authority of reorganization plan no. These policies prevent the entry of many invasive pests, including crop, pollinator, woodland, and livestock pests.1066 108 257 780 1530 1408 171 705 1390 783 668 595 651 1513 840 590 206 513 239 415 1410 1436 1035 1530 764 618 560 571 1158 814 57 1309 704 171 1318 768 1226 1036 1213 612 1046 473 999 1372 1116