Solid waste disposal in nigeria pdf

Investigate what problems the city encounters in managing solid waste. Environmental and health impact of solid waste disposal in. The problem of waste management has two parts, that of collection and that of disposal. The nationwide trend in solid waste disposal has been toward construction of larger, more remote, regional landfills. The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive overview of the current state of municipal solid waste. Problems and prospects of refuse disposal in nigerian. Sep 20, 2016 this study will educate the general public, stakeholders in environmental management, students, government and policy makers on the problems of solid waste management focusing on nigeria with a view of identifying management strategies to combat the menace associated with poor solid waste management. In the city of onitsha, more than 730412 people generates 370706. Problems and prospects of refuse disposal in nigerian urban. Only a fraction of this solid waste is collected and disposed off at designated sites. Thirty years ago, the composition of solid waste generated by the indian farmer was characterised by onefifth nonbiodegradable waste and fourfifths biodegradable waste.

Disposal of solid wastes is a stinging and widespread problem in both urban and rural areas in many developed and developing countries. Assessment of landfill sites for solid waste management in delta state, nigeria egun et al. Nigerian cities and the continuous discharges of indus trial contaminants into streams and rivers without. Disposal of solid wastes has become a major problem in onitsha, anambra state. Pdf issues and challenges of solid waste management. To ensure even representation of solid waste composition in nigeria, solid waste composition data for at least one state each from the six geopolitical zones were obtained from the literature. Pdf on dec 10, 2010, maxwell nwachukwu and others published solid waste generation and disposal in a nigerian city. Nigeria, with population exceeding 170 million, is one of the largest producers of solid waste in africa.

Assess solid waste management practices in polokwane city. Waste generation rate in nigeria is estimated at 0. The generation rate, collection and disposal of solid wastes are functions of several factors which if well considered and appropriated could bring the desired solution to the waste management. Solid waste such as garbage trash refuse slug and rubbish is disposed off or is required to be disposed off in accordance with national law. In general this does not include excreta, although sometimes nappies and the faeces of young children may be mixed with solid waste. Annually, a huge quantity of municipal solid waste is generated in. Status of solid waste management in nigeria including. Pdf solid waste disposal attitudes in onitsha, anambra. Waste management in urban centres of east africa has for a long time been centralised liyala 2011, with the useof imported refuse truck rotich et al. Chapter 7 solid waste management european commission. Introduction towards sustainable waste management in my local. Problems, prospects, and policies article pdf available in journal of solid waste technology and management 442. In detail, concepts of waste management and major phases.

A number of studies demonstrate, however, that both treatment and management dimensions of hcm need to be examined holistically. Solid waste management in abuja, nigeria sciencedirect. The attitude of people towards waste management can be affected by their level of knowledge and awareness of waste management. Exploring secondary school students understanding and. Assessment of landfill sites for solid waste management in. Assessment of healthcare waste management practices in. Assessment of college students knowledge and attitudes. The remaining uncollected solid waste is left on the streets, roadsides and drainages. Evaluation of solid waste generation, categories and disposal.

Oct 28, 2017 however, nigeria was one of the countries that failed to meet their criteria. Solid waste management is defined as the discipline associated with controlling the generation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing, and disposal of solid waste in a manner that is in accordance with the best principles of health, economics. Essentially, solid waste management in nigeria is under the responsibility of the local environmental protection agency as stipulated by the 16 1988 decree which es. Solid waste management trends in nigeria ebikapade. Whats changed and what hasnt in the last decade 2 2. The importance, effect, causes, relationship, comparison, history, role, solutions are discussed. In addition, some citizens might feel that transfer. Issues and challenges of solid waste management practices in.

It has been estimated that waste transportation, including labour and machinery, accounts for between 70% and 80% of the total cost of solid waste management in nigeria udbn, 1998, oluwande, 1984. One hundred and fifty copies of questionnaire were administered to residents in the area. Pdf solid waste disposal and management problems in. Waste disposal, waste collection, municipal solid waste, nigeria, recycling, waste management corresponding author. Surprisingly, little work has yet been done toaddress the key issue of effective strategies for the management of urban solid waste in nigeria cities. Problems, prospects, and policies article pdf available in journal of solid waste technology and management. Status of municipal solid waste generation and disposal in. Hence, the urgent need for a proactive solid waste management. The primary sources include the constitution, statutes and subsidiary legislation. Assessment of waste management practices among residents. Despite a host of policies and regulations, solid waste management in the country is assuming alarming proportions with each.

Solid waste disposal and management problems in ramat polytechnic maiduguri, northeast nigeria. Municipal solid waste msw collection and disposal is one of the major problems of urban environment in most countries worldwide today. As one of the largest producers of solid waste in africa with its most populated citylagosbeing the largest producer of solid waste in the country, it is clear that nigeria should have an effective and ethical method of waste disposal. Pdf solid waste generation and disposal in a nigerian city. Traffic conditions often interfere with waste collection and transport in abuja. Solid waste disposal therefore refers to how individuals, societies, or organisation stow away human and animal excrement or faeces. Waste segregation is a critical first step for the achievement of waste minimization, cost reduction and sustainable waste management 18 and offers the health. Introduction towards sustainable waste management in my.

Bala department of building, ahmadu bello university, zaria, kaduna state, 800001 nigeria email. This paper presents an overview of the current solid waste management practices in damaturu town and provides a brief discussion on the future challenges. This study will educate the general public, stakeholders in environmental management, students, government and policy makers on the problems of solid waste management focusing on nigeria with a view of identifying management strategies to combat the menace associated with poor solid waste management. Challenges of managing waste disposal in nigeria the. Solid waste management in abuja, nigeria article pdf available in waste management 282. It is the oldest form and most common method of waste treatment and disposal in so many places around the world. The effect of waste management practice on waste disposal in nigeria the effect of waste management practice on waste disposal in nigeria a case study of cuda abstract the research provides a conceptual and theoretical study on the effect of waste management practice on waste disposal in nigeria. Challenges of waste management in lagos sustyvibes.

A students knowledge and attitudes toward solid waste. Solid wastes, as it is mostly used, solid waste refers to human and animal excrement or faeces. The waste disposal sites in kano are characterized by odour, smoke and. The practice and challenges of solid waste management in. Pdf solid waste generation and disposal in a nigerian. Application of gis in solid waste management in chanchaga. An assessment of material waste disposal methods in the nigerian. Assessment of healthcare waste management practices in enugu. Evaluation of solid waste generation, categories and. The paper examined the municipal solid waste disposal methods and the environmental issues associated with the management of solid waste in kano metropolis, nigeria.

Municipal waste, solid waste, household waste, ndola, waste management, waste disposal introduction solid waste is defined as the waste arising from human and animal activities that are normally solid and that are discarded as useless or unwanted 1. The paper examined the relationship between individual background sex, age and social class and the level of awareness, knowledge and practices of solid waste management in portharcourt city residents. Solid waste in urban areas is generated by domestic sources, street sweeping, hospitals, commercial and industrial activities 4. It defines solid waste management as the process of collecting, storing, treatment and disposal of solid wastes in such a way that they are harmless to humans, plants, animals, the ecology and the environment generally. The unhealthy disposal of solid waste is one of the greatest challenges facing developing countries kofoworola, 2007. This paper examined the current status of municipal solid waste management across nigeria. It defines solid waste management as the process of collecting, storing, treatment and disposal of solid wastes in such a way that they are harmless to humans, plants, animals, the ecology and. It defines solid waste management as the process of collecting, storing, treatment and disposal of solid wastes in such a way that they are harmless to humans, plants, animals. Solid waste disposal and management is a critical problem in nigeria. Evaluating the problems of solid waste management in nigeria. Domestic waste management the problems in nigeria waste management simply means the collection, keeping, treatment and disposal of waste in such a way as to render then harmless to human and animal life, the ecology and environment generally. It helps in disposal of solid waste, disposal of night soil, and production of valuable manure for crops, it is also termed as. Further, a field survey of activities of waste pickers at awotan solid waste dump site aswds was conducted. The core aspects covered are generation, characterization, collection, scavenging, open dumping, disposal and environmental implications of poor solid waste management.

Assessment of waste management strategies in nigerian. Get free research paper on evaluating the problems of solid waste management in nigeria project topics and materials in nigeria. Municipal solid waste management has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing environmental protection agencies in developing countries. Other highrisk group includes population living close to the waste dump 2. Solid waste management in nigeria bioenergy consult. Since then the population has been on a steady increase mainly due to influx of people and its strategic location along axial route to major cities in the northeast region. Solid waste management is the process of collecting, storing, treatment and disposal of solid wastes in such a way that they are harmless to humans, plants, animals, the ecology and the environment generally. Damaturu town became a state capital in august 1991. The nature and quantity of solid waste is changing overtime with development 8, waste composition studies can therefore provide meaningful data for design and operation of resource recovery process 9.

This is approved for students in accountancy, business, computer science, economics, engineering, arts. The generation of solid waste is on the increase due to rapid rise in. The post independence era in nigeria has witnessed series of political and socioeconomic development. Municipal solid waste management mswm system in east africa has changed from the colonial days in.

Strategy for environmental, solid waste management, public health and related areas discuss. Refuse disposal is one of the major environmental problems that developing countries are faced with. Solid waste management in african cities east africa. Various researchers have undertaken to study solid waste generation pattern in nigeria, but most of the studies are usually a case study of a particular state or locality in nigeria. Solid waste can create significant health problems and a very unpleasant living environment if not disposed of safely and. Issues and challenges of solid waste management practices. However, nigeria was one of the countries that failed to meet their criteria. Health hazard, traffic congestion, unsightliness, unpleasantness and blockage of drainages are some of the problems caused by the lack of efficient waste management practice in nigeria. Make comparison on how households and the municipality take responsibility in storing, collecting, transporting, treating and disposing solid waste.

Construction waste management is an aspect of sustainable development. This could be done individually by erecting toilets in houses, offices, public squares and in buses. Doc solid waste management in lagos state anthony okorie. The secondary sources of information include books, journals, conference. In nigeria about 196 million people produces 32 million tons of solid municipal waste annually, and only 20%30% are collected. Solid waste management is the most pressing environmental challenge faced by urban and rural areas of nigeria. The quantity and generation rate of solid wastes in nigeria have increased at an alarming rate over the years with lack of efficient and modern technology for the management of the wastes. Information such as the various classes of waste, frequency of waste disposal and methods of waste evacuation were obtained from the questionnaire. Chapter 7 solid waste management solid waste refers here to all nonliquid wastes. The study relies on primary and secondary sources of information. As a result, this paper aims at studying solid waste management in chanchaga local government area, minna, niger state, nigeria, using geographic information system gis. The problem has increased with increase in the citys population as a result of natural birth, migration and consistent increase in commercial, industrial and.

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